Every pregnancy is different and can give rise to different kinds of problems or complications. These can involve the mother’s health or the baby’s or sometimes, both. These complications can arise at the time of pregnancy or delivery or at times could be pre-existing conditions that could lead to severe complications. It is imperative to stay in touch with your doctor regularly and receive the right kind of care to decrease the risk of complications.
The Most Common Pregnancy and Labour Complications
We feature some common complications and concerns arising during pregnancy:
Hypertension or High blood pressure
Poorly controlled high blood pressure before and during the pregnancy can put the mother and the baby at risk for several problems. While high blood pressure developed during the tine of pregnancy usually settles post-delivery, it could still lead to complications during childbirth. It is imperative to discuss pre-existing blood pressure issues with your doctor when you are pregnant. Keep your doctor check-ups and visits regular to catch increased blood pressure during your pregnancy and seek timely help to control it. Reach out to your doctor if you have a severe headache, vision changes, abdominal pain, decreased amounts of urine, or severe swelling of your hands or feet. If you develop high blood pressure during your pregnancy, your doctor will test your blood pressure, weight, and urine frequently. You may need medication, rest, and dietary modifications to get your blood pressure down.
You may develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy, which may disappear after the birth. The first sign is usually a high result on a routine pregnancy blood sugar test. This leads to higher-than-normal levels of sugar in the bloodstream. Some women will need to modify their meal plans to help control blood sugar levels. Your doctor will help you with a thorough plan by confirming your blood sugar levels with detailed blood work study.
Preeclampsia is a condition associated with hypertension during pregnancy that usually surfaces towards the third trimester. Your doctor will guide you through a detailed plan and it is advisable to stick to your prenatal doctor schedules and medications to ensure healthy delivery.
Preterm labour is when the body starts preparing for birth weeks before the due date. Symptoms include Backache, Contractions, Cramps in the lower abdomen, Leaking of fluid from the vagina, Vaginal bleeding. Reach out to your doctor immediately under such a scenario.
Miscarriage refers to the loss of a foetus within 20 weeks of pregnancy and can occur due to multiple issues. Miscarriages can become an emotionally exhausting process and it is important to stay in touch with your doctor to overcome this trauma to the mind and body.
Anaemia is lower-than-normal number of red blood cells in your body that can lead to immense tiredness, weakness, pale skin. Reach out to your doctor to understand the cause of anaemia and work on the best possible treatment plan along with dietary modifications such as focusing on a natural, iron-rich diet and supplements.
A variety of bacterial, viral, and parasitic infections may complicate a pregnancy and can prove harmful to both the mother and the baby. Maintain optimum hygiene during your pregnancy and keep common infections at bay by regularly washing your hands. Stronger infections such as Hepatitis-B Virus or Influenza can be treated with the right vaccination on consultation with your doctor.
Urinary Frequency - Needing to Pass Urine Often
In the first trimester, those frequent bathroom trips are due to the pregnancy hormone, which causes increased urination. In the second trimester, you usually get a bit of a break from bathroom time. But in the third trimester, bathroom breaks are back with a vengeance as the growing uterus puts pressure on the bladder.
During pregnancy, food moves more slowly through the body to give you a better chance to absorb nutrients. Iron supplements can also make you constipated. Focus on staying hydrated and include fibre-rich natural foods to your diet in consultation with your doctor and nutritionist.
When to Call Your Doctor
If you’re pregnant, don’t hesitate to call your doctor if there are any signs of a problem. Call your doctor right away if you experience any of the following:
bleeding from the vagina
sudden swelling of the hands or face
a pain in the abdomen